Thursday, August 27, 2020
Distinguish and give the essentialness of the east Asia history words - Essay Example Kawapata was destined to a group of dactor and lost his the two guardians when he was four he went to be with his grandparents (Holcombe 2011). Burakumin were an oucast gathering of individuals that were viewed as low in the general public. Their occupations were viewed as polluted and along these lines were consigned to the lower social class status. by being at the base of social class they were separated at all parts of support in people in general. Nixon stun was a monetary approach by president Nixon of US that lead to the furthest limit of transformation of American dollar to gold. In the proposition there had additionally to be 90 days wage freeze for all the Americans and import surch. Japan executive acknowledged how profound the issue was and the cost it took on its kin. It places japan in cumbersome situation as far as universal exchange and its kin were disturbed. This is the portrayal of the non direct connection between oil costs and the gross domestic product development. Oil costs have impact on everything and the more the value the more the expense of each unit of creation. Oil costs increment influence the economy while decline doesn't (Holcombe 2011). Minimata illness was first found in minamata city japan. it is brought about by serious mercury harming. It results when one eat a great deal of fish that breeds in water dirtied with mechanical waste loaded with methyl mercury. Minimata cause deadness in the feet general muscle shortcoming and norrowing in field of vision. In its extraordinary it causes craziness. AnimÃ£ © are Japanese enlivened creations both hand drawn and PC drawn. Anime is short type of movement and it began in 1917 in Japan and at present include, short vivified movies and motion pictures
Saturday, August 22, 2020
How to Write an Autobiography Essay For CollegeIf you have ever wondered how to write an autobiography essay for college, this article will provide you with a few ideas. There are several ways that you can approach this task, but you must take into consideration the reader and your target audience. By knowing what your readers want to learn, you will be able to make sure that your writing is written in a manner that resonates with them.One of the most important aspects to be aware of when you are writing an autobiography essay for college is to keep the content as honest as possible. No matter how long you've been writing, sometimes it is inevitable that you will make mistakes. Don't let those mistakes cause you to lose your readers because you don't want to make them think that your career is anything less than outstanding.Another aspect to remember when writing an autobiography essay for college is that you must write about yourself. Don't assume that your readers are going to know who you are. This is a very common mistake and will not make you look like a professional. It is very important that you let them know what your true self is like and not hide behind the facade of 'how you feel that day'.If you are a parent, you can tell a story about how your child is doing while you tell a story about how your child was when you first met them. This works well because you are able to talk about the both of you and what your relationship was like at the time. This is the perfect time to talk about the good times while at the same time the bad times as well.You can also use your childhood to help you write about how to write an autobiography essay for college. Discuss what you were like as a child and your expectations about what you would be able to achieve in life. You will be able to use this information to help you create a biography that will appeal to your readers.Remember that you are not the only person who is going to read your autobiography when you are a ttempting to write an autobiography essay for college. So, the best way to go about this is to bring on board those who will be reading it. By including the people who will be reading your piece, you will be able to reach a larger audience. While they may not be able to relate to your life story, they can relate to your accomplishments as a writer and if you can include their input in your piece, then that is all the more reason for you to write it.In addition to this, there are also some other components to remember when you are trying to write an autobiography essay for college. Keep in mind that the subject of your article must be relevant to your audience. You must relate your article to the information that they want to know about.When you are trying to write an autobiography essay for college, remember that you need to keep in mind that this is supposed to be an introduction to a life story. It is very important that you keep it as honest as possible.
Friday, August 21, 2020
What Are Definition Examples?Term paper definition examples are widely used in the academic circles to help students prepare for terms, if not essay, due to its adaptability and ability to be used within almost any academic program. However, they are also used by professionals when preparing for any type of project or assignment where they need an outline of what they will be writing. As a matter of fact, one of the greatest advantages of using these examples is that it can be used not only within academia but also outside of the classroom.The power of these definition examples is in the fact that they are usually prepared so that they can be used by anyone who is reading them. While the examples themselves may vary slightly depending on the exact assignment that is being prepared, there are many common ideas that are presented within them. In fact, students and professionals alike will find the same sense of generalization throughout the list. These definitions and examples have bee n used effectively for many years, though the actual meaning may vary from person to person.This difference between definitions is often the key to what makes these definition examples so popular to many. For one thing, the definitions that are presented in these examples are rarely unique, unless they are designed to be. The definitions are usually the same and are generally based off of each other as well as certain individuals.Examples are also generally unique because they tend to be less formal and specific than a term paper. If someone does not understand a definition, they will often be able to find more information within the specific example. Many people enjoy the lack of structure and this reason makes it so popular. Another commonality of these examples is that they tend to have a somewhat accurate meaning and yet still manage to be in line with the different types of writing that are commonly required within an academic environment.An example contains words that have mea ning for many individuals and sometimes these words are modified or completely changed. Some examples do not follow the same structure, and this will make for a less clear outline. This is why some definitions may not be followed exactly throughout. While the actual definition is generally close to what is intended, this is not always the case.The main purpose of these examples is to offer guidance and tips for those looking to prepare for writing, especially for term papers. The generalizations are helpful and can help someone achieve their goal of the creation of a successful term paper. It is important that everyone familiarizes themselves with all the details of a definition before proceeding with their efforts.An example can give insight into the generalizations that are often found within a term paper, but it can also be used to help people write their own. Many writers prefer the examples so that they can see how they will be better suited to write the exact type of paper tha t they desire. This is often beneficial for a writer to see, so they can better understand the importance of including all the different parts that are required in their paper.Before choosing any example, it is important to take note of what the term paper definition examples are intended for. Some examples are to prepare for term papers, while others are to help with anything that requires a guide. People will benefit from reading different examples and having a better understanding of the general ideas they contain.
Monday, May 25, 2020
The world is changing. Well, at least online it is. The internet is ever-changing and improving humanÃ¢â¬â¢s lives subtly everyday. Things such as virtual reality or Google glass derive from what the internet has on it today. In no other age could someone have a thought-provoking question and have it answered with the little pocket assistant globally known as a smartphone, which uses the internet to the full extent due to technology today. However, smartphones themselves inspired how the internet is changing. It is due to the app stores that popularized apps that ran on smartphones and the format of these apps inspired website developers. Due to this inspiration, something was created that many already popular websites might pick up, the new idea of web applications. The internet has a seemingly infinite amounts of websites currently, but in the coming years more advanced technology will help show that web applications should and will replace current forms of websites and change ho w one might access the internet. To many, web applications are still unknown. To website developers they are the newest thing to look at. Web Applications are basically a browser accessed app that combines what is good about websites and applications and put them together. This way, mobile phones can have more advanced websites to enhance the experience and give computer-like quality, Ã¢â¬Å"Developers and designers are employing the architecture of desktop browsers for mobile.Ã¢â¬ (Rowinski 1) and due to itShow MoreRelatedThe Internet And Its Effect On Our Lives1371 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesgeneration the internet is becoming a huge factor in their day to day lives. The internet allows this generation to communicate with each other through text messages, or social media like Facebook, and twitter. The internet provides us with all of the answers to our day to day questions; it also provides us with endless amounts of entertainment such as games, music, and movies, etc. The internet also makes living our day to day lives easier by providing us with the ability to run our businesses onlineRead MoreThe Internet And Its Effects On Our Lives1631 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessometimes even recorded. Today many companies sell, buy, and use personal information about their users. Those companies track peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s internet interactions and know almost everything about their online behavior: from their personal preferences in food, music, and cars to the health condition, phone numbers, and credit card numbers. Everything users do on the Internet - from the comments to tweets to a simple browsing - will never be erased from history. This is partly due to national security, forRead MoreInternet Protocol And Its Effect On Our Lives1677 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhen you can watch your on TV? Wouldn t you say it would be better if watching TV was like browsing your Web browser, you could pick the programs you wish to watch whenever you felt like watching them? IPTV(Internet Protocol Television) has the abilit y to do that and more by using internet protocols to transfer your TV programs to you Ã¢â¬Å"on demandÃ¢â¬ . We will discuss how IPTV works, some benefits it brings, and how it is changing the way we watch television today. There s nothing new about it the useRead MoreInternet Usage And Its Effect On Our Lives2430 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesscientists, bankers, and countless other occupations, Internet usage is a crucial element in daily life. This is an incredible realization when considering the fact that a majority of people living today has spent the majority of their lives without the Internet. In December of 2000, nine years after the debut of the worldwide web, the Internet had 361 million users (5.8% of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s population). Just thirteen years later, in December 2013, the Internet boasted 2,802 million users (39.0% of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreThe Negative Effects Of The Internet On Human Life761 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Effects of The Internet on Human Life The Internet is a technology that has negative impacts on our daily lives. It has changed aspects of our life for the last 50 years, and it has demonstrated the considerable influence on peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. Almost 3.2 billion people in the world use the internet. The Internet has gained acceptance across the globe, and it has also become a reason behind the critical changes in the modern society. Some of the changes are social isolation, health disorder, lack ofRead MoreThe Impact Of Internet On Our Society Today Essay1502 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAbstract The internet is one of the most influencing media in the world today. With technologies becoming better and better after time, the number of new internet users increase daily. Many societies have been formed such as the Internet Society to foster growth and the access of internet through the globe by bringing information and partnerships to people and communities. With every country thriving to increase internet penetration, the internet has a great impact in our daily lives, affecting usRead MoreEffects of Technology925 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesApril 20, 2011 Effects of Technology Miguel Angel Rodriguez Effects of Technology Technology has been a great impact in our lives. It has quickly developed and continues to expand in our lives. As new generations develop, new technological devices continue to develop as well. Some believe that technology has had a good impact in our lives like Richard Woods. Others like me believe that technology brings a lot of negative effects to our personal and social lives as Sarah Kershaw mentions. WeRead MoreThe Internet And Its Impact On Our Society Essay921 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesadvancement, the internet has played a major role in it. The internet, according to Wikipedia, has many uses that include data sharing, e-commerce, booking of tickets, socializing, job searching, entertainment and also in e-learning. With advancements in technology, the number of users of the internet are increasing daily. With internet speed increasing over time, the Internet brings knowledge and information on nearly every subject imaginable straight to your computer. This has made our lives ea sier andRead MoreInternet Negative Effects891 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Internet is a technology that has negative impacts on our daily lives. It has changed aspects of our life for the last 50 years, and it has demonstrated the considerable influence on peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. Almost 3.2 billion people in the world use the internet. The Internet has gained acceptance across the globe, and it has also become central to the critical changes experienced in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Some of the changes are social isolation, health disorder, a lack of privacy and internet addiction.Read MoreInternet And Its Impact On Society Essay1388 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Æ' Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 Definition of the internet 3 1.3 History of the internet 3 1.4 Internet use 3 1.4.1 Internet use world-wide 3 1.4.2 Internet use in Kenya 3 1.5 Impact of the internet 3 1.6 Conclusion 4 Ã¢â¬Æ' 1.1 Introduction In order to achieve political, economic and personal advancement, the internet has played a major role in it. The internet, according to Wikipedia, has many uses that include data sharing, e-commerce, booking of tickets, socializing
Friday, May 15, 2020
Theorist Information Piaget 1936 Vygotsky 1960s Chomsky 1957, 1965, 1991 Theory Overview PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s cognitive development theory states that a childÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge comes from his or her experiences as they explore their world (Berk, 2007). VygotskyÃ¢â¬â¢s theory focuses on how culture is transmitted to the next generation. Through social interaction, children begin to acquire skills that are valued by their culture (Berk, 2007). ChomskyÃ¢â¬â¢s theory seeks to explain how children acquire language so quickly. Chomsky asserts that children are born with innate linguistic abilities that are triggered by experience (Universal Grammar 2006). Aspect of Lifespan Development (Module Focus) Cognitive Development Cognitive Development Language Development TheoryÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Application to Learning/Education PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s theory can be applied to learning to help educators develop age appropriate learning environments. This theory is also useful in the development of curriculum and assessment. VygotskyÃ¢â¬â¢s theory is pertinent to successful teaching. Children come to school with a wide range of abilities. It is the teachers responsibility to identify the zone of proximal distance and utilize scaffolding to bring each student to where they need to be developmentally and academically. Understanding that each child has a different frame of reference due to cultural differences is essential to ensuring that teachers are successful in supporting their studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ growth (Grace, 2017). This theory helps us understand learning because it explains how children development their language at such a high rate. It is also helpful because it lets educators know that challenging students above their level of knowledge i s the best way to support studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ growth. Theory: Mechanisms of Change To progress from one stage to the next, an individual must successfully experience each stage. As children explore their environments they are actively developing higher levels of thinking. In order for this theory to be successful, adults must have extensive knowledge on what is expected of children at each stage of development. A teacher must know what level of knowledgeShow MoreRelatedDevelopment Of A Child s Social And Emotional Development1377 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdevelopmental theories and how they have impacted modern day society in understanding the development of a childÃ¢â¬â¢s social and emotional development. Development is the pattern of change that begins at conception and continues through the lifespan (Santrock, 2008, p.5) Emotional development is the development of a childÃ¢â¬â¢s expression, understanding, and how they regulate their emotions from birth through late adolescence. Piaget is one of the first people to look at developmental theory and throughRead MorePiaget Of A Child s Brain Development Theory1057 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesare constantly learning about new theories and expanding the knowledge on those that we already know, about the physical and mental development of Children. Through past and present theorists, we are shown whole new aspects of how a child develops to make up the being that they become. Through PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËCongnitive development theoryÃ¢â¬â¢ we are shown the stages of a childÃ¢â¬â¢s brain development with a strong focus on the ages newborn Ã¢â¬â 11 years onwards. PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s main theory is that children are able to constructRead MorePiaget vs. Vygotsky1120 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe theory of cognitive development is defined as the development of the ability to think and reason. There are many theorists who have studied cognitive theories and the most famous is Jean Piaget. Cognitive development covers the phy sical and emotional stages of a child. The basic premise for cognitive development is to show the different stages of the development of a child so you can understand where the child might be in their development. Understanding cognitive development will betterRead MoreThe Understanding Of Young Children Essay1285 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe collaboration of multiple theories, giving society many insights into the life and development of a young child. Two theorists who act as pillars to the understanding of children are Jean Piaget, a cognitive theorist, and James Baldwin, an early developmental theorist. By analysing the two of them, it becomes clear how their early lives, study and upbringing led to the discovery of such intriguing theories revolved around both learning and development. Jean Piaget was the first child in his familyRead MoreVygotsky And Vygotsky Theories Of Learning1257 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTheories of learning In this essay, I will compare and contrast jean Piaget and lev Vygotsky theories of learning. First, I will discuss Piaget followed by Vygotsky then I will compare and contrast both theorists. Jean Piaget was a Swiss developmental psychologist and philosopher, he is known for his contribution to a theory of cognitive development. Piaget became interested in the reasons why children gave the wrong answers to questions that required logical thinking. He believed that these incorrectRead MoreA Comparison of Theorists989 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ A Comparison of Theorists Maliha-Sameen Saeed ECH-325 December 14, 2014 There are many great theorists for the Early Childhood Education. Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget are two of the many theorists that benefit the teachers and parents to comprehend their children learning development. The paper will compare the two theorists and their difference of their cognitive development. Jean Piaget vs. Lev Vygotsky Jean Piaget cognitive development theory explained the changes of logicalRead MoreJean Piaget s Theory Of Knowing921 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesJean Piaget was a developmental psychologist and philosopher from Switzerland. He is known for his epistemological studies with children. He was the first to make a systematic study of cognitive development. Piaget was also the Director of the International Bureau of Education. He was Ã¢â¬Å"the great pioneer of the constructivist theory of knowing.Ã¢â¬ He was known as the second best psychologist after Skinner by the end of the 20th century. Throughout his career, Jean Piaget declared that Ã¢â¬Å"only educationRead MoreThe Strengths And Weaknesses Of Piaget s Cognitive Development Theory1356 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesJean Piaget is a key figure for development, focusing on cognitive constructivism Ã¢â¬â that being that we must learn from experience and development, building on knowledge that has already been developed. The strengths and w eaknesses of Piaget s cognitive development theory will be discussed. Piaget suggests that development in children occurs in four stages: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational. During the Sensorimotor stage (between birth and the age of two)Read MoreGeneral Theorists And The General Theories Essay1556 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestwo general theorists and one Maori/Pasifika theorist and give an overview of their theories. It will discuss two critical points and explain how these points relate to the chosen theories. It will also relate to the theorists beliefs to the role as a nanny and provide examples of how the theories apply to the development of infants, toddlers, young children and their families. This essay will briefly outline the differences between the Maori theorist and compare the general theorists and includeRead MoreTheories Of Cognitive Development And Comment On Impact On Education1381 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesevaluate some theories of cognitive development and comment on the impact they have had on education. This essay will describe and evaluate two of the main three theories concerning cognitive development and comment on how they have impacted education. Cognitive development is the mental process in which we think and how we remember, problem solving and decision making. There are three main theorists that have a theory on cognitive development, Piaget, Vygotsky and Bruner. Piaget and Vygotsky are
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Cisco Systems Inc. and the Leadership of John T. Chambers As Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Cisco Systems Incorporated, the leadership of John Thomas Chambers solidified Cisco as the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s premiere data networking company. Cisco Systems Incorporated is an international technology corporation founded in 1984 and headquartered in San Jose, California. Cisco designs, manufactures and sells networking equipment worldwide and is the largest networking company in the world. The name Cisco was derived from the city name, San Francisco, and the Cisco logo is intended to represent the two towers of the Golden Gate Bridge. John Thomas Chambers was born August 23, 1949 and is the Chairman of the Board and former Chief Executive Officer of Cisco Systems. Chambers holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in business and a law degree from West Virginia University and a master of business administration degree in finance and management from Kelley School of Business at Indiana University. After obtaining his master of business administration degree, Chambers began his career in technology at IBM in 1976. In 1983, he moved to Wang Laboratories. There, he became the vice president of US operations in 1987. In 1991, Chambers left Wang and joined Cisco. John Chambers was appointed Chief Executive Officer of Cisco Systems in 1995. In 2006, Chambers was named Chairman of the Board, in addition to his Chief Executive Officer role. It is a safe bet that anyone who usesShow MoreRelatedEssay Number One Technology Company, Cisco1349 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCisco incorporated has grown significantly over the years, since its inception and has established itself as the number one technology company throughout the industry. Initially Cisco started as manufacturers of modems and routers and has expanded its scope over the years. This paper will attempt to address CiscoÃ¢â¬â¢s operations and strategies in foreign markets it will also delve into the strengths, weaknesses and threats in the political, legal and economic environment in which it operates. CiscoRead MoreOpen Communication Culture1269 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAn Open Communication Culture: Cisco Systems, Inc. To distinguish the way in which different leadership style will affect Cisco systems Ã¢â¬â group communication. A management definition from our text book state, Robbins Judge (2011) Good management brings about order and consistency by drawing up formal plans, designing rigid organization structures, and monitoring results against the plansÃ¢â¬ (p. 376). CiscoÃ¢â¬â¢s management defines as business strategy a balance between development and efficiencyRead MoreCisco Systems, Inc. Essay2877 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pages Cisco Systems, Inc. was incorporated in 1984 in CaliforniaÃ¢â¬â¢s Silicon Valley. The idea for this company came about when two Stanford University employees, a husband and wife, tried to figure out a way to stay connected throughout the day and had to overcome the technological inability to send e-mail from one building to another (Ã¢â¬Å"Cisco overview,Ã¢â¬ n.d.). The couple designed a multi-protocol router to communicate across campus (Ã¢â¬Å"Cisco overview,Ã¢â¬ n.d.). The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s primary goal was to transformRead MoreCase Analysis Cisco Essay2299 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pages INDIVIDUAL CASE REPORT Cisco Systems Inc.: The Viking Challenge Submitted to: Mr. Dave Swanston Submitted by: Vishal Gupta ID: 125821880 20th March 2013 Executive Summary Cisco Systems Inc. is a $100 B technology company which provides internet networking solution to telecommunication and broadband service provider corporations. Cisco is leader in developing the networking equipment for the industry. Cisco wants to develop a new generationRead MoreIt Management Essay6676 Words Ã |Ã 27 PagesChapter 1. The Information Systems Strategy Triangle Chapter Overview This chapter presents a very simple framework, the Information Systems Strategy Triangle, which links business strategy with organizational strategy and information strategy. The chapter describes this model, and builds on several other popular strategy models and organizational models. The goal of this chapter is to make sure every student has a basic understanding of both strategy and organizations (in many managementRead MoreCisco Systems, Inc.: Collaborating on New Product Introduction12030 Words Ã |Ã 49 PagesCASE: GS-66 DATE: 06/05/09 CISCO SYSTEMS, INC.: COLLABORATING ON NEW PRODUCT INTRODUCTION On November 13, 2007, more than 100 employees of Cisco Systems, Inc. assembled in classic Cisco fashion: they dialed in from multiple locations around the world for an important meeting. The purpose of the gathering was to get the green light from senior management to manufacture a new high-end router that would make the giant networking company more competitive in an age of surging Internet trafficRead MoreCisco Systems Inc3941 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesCisco Systems Inc. INDIVIDUAL PROJECT REPORT Date Submitted November, 20, 2013 Table of Contents SUMMARY DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS 0 Products and Services Offeered 0 Global Markets Currently Served 0 Corporate Structure and Leadership Resources and Competitive Position 0 COMPANYS EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT 0 Competitors in Top Five Countries Served 0 Marktst For Company and Rivals 0 Key Success Factors for Their Market 0 COMPANYS COMPETITIVE POSITION 0 Competitive PositionRead MoreHuman Relation vs Human Resources4513 Words Ã |Ã 19 Pagesproductivity by using experiments to examine the physical and environmental influences at the workplace (e.g. brightness of lights, humidity) and later, moved into the psychological aspects (e.g. breaks, group pressure, working hours, managerial leadership) and their impact on employee motivation as it applies to productivity (Miller 2006). According to Honour and Mainwaring (1982, p.74), studies found that workers are more motivated in their job when greater attention was being paid towards theirRead MoreTop 1 Cause for Project Failure65023 Words Ã |Ã 261 Pagesanishmathaimathew.blogspot.com Karl Kerr Project Planner at Knorr-Bremse Rail Systems UK Limited Anish, Wow a great question and one that should generate plenty of feedback! I have worked on many projects in my time in the following sectors: Nuclear, Public Sector, Rail Telecommunications. They all have one thing in common: they have in place Project Management systems and processes and plan to succeed! However with all best intentions they usually failRead MoreManaging Information Technology (7th Edition)239873 Words Ã |Ã 960 PagesCONTENTS: CASE STUDIES CASE STUDY 1 Midsouth Chamber of Commerce (A): The Role of the Operating Manager in Information Systems CASE STUDY I-1 IMT Custom Machine Company, Inc.: Selection of an Information Technology Platform CASE STUDY I-2 VoIP2.biz, Inc.: Deciding on the Next Steps for a VoIP Supplier CASE STUDY I-3 The VoIP Adoption at Butler University CASE STUDY I-4 Supporting Mobile Health Clinics: The ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Health Fund of New York City CASE STUDY I-5
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about theProfessional Communication Practice for Fuji Xerox. Answer: Introduction Established in 1997, Fuji Xerox got the certification from Australian Quality Class for the excellence standard in their business. Their main objective is to understand the documents. They are focussed in building knowledge, based on which the business decisions can be taken. Their understanding helps the clients for leveraging the expectation from paper as well as the electronic media (Fujixerox.com.au/Company/Overview, 2017). The workflows and the document expertise from the company assist in working in smarter way and streamline the procedure of business. Further, they offer various business solutions required by the client for focussing on their business efficiently. Management Accounting Issues The Australian business of Fuji Xerox was getting out of control as the warnings regarding fraudulent behaviour of the company went unnoticed and unsolved, bad behaviours were not only ignored, rather promoted and irregularities with regard to major accountings were simply covered up (Wagenhofer, 2016). The issue that started with Fuji Xerox, New Zealand (FXNZ) and soon spread over Fuji Xerox Australia (FXA) led to global consequence for the company and the technology giant, who turned over the revenue amounted to A$ 26 billion. The organization was forced for delaying their annual report owing to inappropriate accounting at the regional subsidiaries (Fuji Xerox restructures Australia and New Zealand leadership after accounting scandal, 2017). Various top offices of Fuji Xerox were closing down and others were facing cut off of bonuses and wages by 20 to 50%. Further, the recent report of investigation includes the details that were not included in the initial report that was publish ed dated on 21st June. It was revealed by the company that knock six years net profit worth amounted to A$ 451 million that was frozen out from the government contract of New Zealand. The report of investigation included the details regarding how the top level executives continuously bringing the revenue forward to achieve the target. Moreover, they were avoiding the recognition of losses so their subsidiary Red Ink will not reach to the bottom and fabricated the monthly numbers of accounting as well as chalked up the sales of assets as revenue for covering up the missing values. The report alleged that the major individuals from the leadership team and blamed sales at any cost principle of the company under Neil Whittaker, the managing director of FXA as well as FXNZ that enabled the employees to get huge amount of commissions and bonus from the year 2011 (Agrawal Cooper, 2017). It was also mentioned in the report that provided overcompensation to the favoured workers and they involved the family members and paid them six-figure salaries that was three times more than the market rate. Moreover, they were paid gift bonuses and used the corporate expenses for pock et money and lavish meals. Main Reason Behind the Issue The root cause for the issue generated from the exercise of overstating of revenue on the managed agreement of service that had the variable pricing on the basis of utilization and sometimes that too with no minimum value, still it was transacted as the upfront revenue. Further, abusing the managed agreement of service became so common that the inappropriate recognition of revenue was approximately 30% of the total sales. Moreover, the inappropriate accounting included the fictitious transactions apart from the advance recorded revenues. Further, the cumulative amount for sales recorded inappropriately at the earlier period amounted to NZ$ 90 million during 2016 January. Out of that NZ$ 90 million, fictitious sales amounted to NZ$ 35 million and the rest amount was not fictitious but recorded inappropriately (Van der Stede, 2016). Further, recording the revenue inappropriately became the regular practice of the company and took place for 70% of the contracts over the duration of six year. The abusive accounting further overlooked that early recognition of revenue. Further, instances found for advance sales that were recorded twice and fictitious sales recording for achieving the target of monthly performance. Moreover, the promotional giveaways and free products were recorded as sales. Lack in credit policies assisted in green light orders from the risky clients as the credit investigation performed for 10% only of the total transactions. While the financial figures were found to be incorrect, they were just ignored. Further, to clean up the issues and avoid the detection, the company transacted the non-operating transactions and sales of the assets as revenue for minimizing the inappropriate accounting impact that were susceptible to accounting audit at closing of the period. This led to the external appearance as the financial condition and financial activities improved during the fiscal year and the company reported higher revenue as compared to the actual revenue (Bebbington, Unerman O'Dwyer, 2014). It further led to the establishment of disastrous culture and the report claimed that the employees and the executives of the company lacked the sense of honesty and ethics while preparing the annual report of the company. Financial Issues Associated with the Company The auditor of the company, Ernst Young were removed in 2016 July and replaced by the KPMG. The payout to the managing director amounted to million dollar came in focus irrespective of various allegations regarding impropriety by the director, who used the pressures for rebelling and creating the circumstances where the opposition was next to impossible. The scrutiny of the corporate credit card revealed that the director and various other members repeatedly used the credit card for the payment of dinner and lunch at various high-end places. Further, over the time period of 10 months 3 executives from the company spent huge amounts that amounted to $ 50,000 over 41 dinners that averaged $ 1,233 per dinner. Further, it was alleged during the corporate trips that the managing director withdrew an amount of $ 10,000 through cash in the local currency from his corporate credit card and did not submit the receipts as the supporting documents for withdrawals (Drury, 2013). The report furt her alleged that company paid an amount of $ 43,704 for the purpose of private trip of the director and his family members between the periods of June 2015 to April 2016. It was also highlighted in the report that the sales employees brought by the director from FXA were highly compensated. Further, five out of nine employees those were transferred from New Zealand were getting salaries that were higher as compared to the benchmark of normal pay scale. The annual salary of the Business development manager, E amounted to $ 1.1 million, out of which the remuneration based on incentives were 3 3.4 times more as compared to the level of benchmark. Further, the son of the managing director was paid annual salary amounted to $ 749,000 that included bonus amounted to $ 420,000. The functions over control were not efficient and there were lack of transparency as the reporting lines with the parent company as well as with other subsidiaries were limited to the managing director only that were centralising the information flow (Soin Collier, 2013). In such circumstance and lack of efficient supervision by the director, the business easily went out of control. Recommendation Looking at the above accounting issues faced by Fuji Xerox, Australia following recommendations is suggested Using the systems of balances and checks to assure that the duties of financial transactions are properly segregated Require finance, purchases and distributions to be approved by an assigned individual. Isolate taking care of stores and receipt capacities from record keeping capacities (recording exchanges and accommodating records). Further, the purchasing capacities must be segregated from payables capacities and assure that a similar individual isn't approved to compose and sign a check. Reconciling the bank accounts every month Reconciliation shall be completed by the independent person who is not responsible for accounting or does not involved with reconciliation review. Cancelled checks from the vendors must be checked appropriately and reconciled with bank accounts regularly Revenue management the revenues shall be double checked with the records and the duties for recording the sales and receipt of payments for sales shall be properly segregated among different person. Further, the sales account shall be reconciled with the inventories to measure the closing inventories or the goods available for sales. Remuneration and payment remuneration and salaries shall be fixed based on their individual performance and shall not be paid based on the performance of the company. Remuneration policy shall be clearly mentioned in the annual report so that there can be transparency regarding the remuneration and salary of the executives and employees. Usage of corporate credit card the corporate credit card shall exclusively be used for official purpose and the card shall not have the facility for personal use. In this way, the company will be able to save big amount with regard to the misuse of the corporate credit card. Reference Agrawal, A., Cooper, T. (2017). Corporate governance consequences of accounting scandals: Evidence from top management, CFO and auditor turnover.Quarterly Journal of Finance,7(01), 1650014. Bebbington, J., Unerman, J., O'Dwyer, B. (Eds.). (2014).Sustainability accounting and accountability. Routledge. Drury, C. M. (2013).Management and cost accounting. Springer. Fuji Xerox restructures Australia and New Zealand leadership after accounting scandal. (2017). Financial Review. 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